SAI : 2016SCIA6DFEXXXX, SCIAID : 20166DFE , e-ISJN- A4372-3068
Study on the Socio-Economic Conditions of Transgender with special Reference to Tumkur City
Dr. Shivalingappa, Nisargapriya T S
In spite of national and international protections, transgender people have been a neglected community in the universe. Except in few countries, there is no recognition of their rights and sometimes they are forced to lead animal-like life, humiliation, torture and cruelty. Transgender people tolerate the brunt of social and economic marginalization due to discrimination based on their gender identity or expression. Sexual minorities were most neglected and vulnerable communities in Indian society. The present paper strives to depict the socio-economic conditions of the transgender community. The main aim of the study is to understand the socio-economic conditions of transgender in Tumkur city. Descriptive research design was adopted by using purposive and snowball sampling with the sampling size of 120. For assessing the socio-economic conditions of transgender people, structured interview schedule was employed to collect primary data from the sample respondents. The schedule included personal aspects, socio–economic, educational and employment status and difficulties faced, based on the objectives. The schedule was administered through personal interviews. The data was analyzed by using simple statistical percentage analyses. It was found that their socio-economic condition is very low. This paper may help professionals to understand the problems of the Hijaras and plan different intervention methods. It may motivate professionals to adopt humanitarian approach while dealing with Hijaras people.
Transgender, Socio-Economic, Hijaras, Tumku.